4 edition of Investigating the individual differences observed in the picture-word Stroop task found in the catalog.
Investigating the individual differences observed in the picture-word Stroop task
Thomas Miroslav Spalek
by National Library of Canada = Bibliothèque nationale du Canada in Ottawa
Written in English
|Series||Canadian theses = Thèses canadiennes|
|The Physical Object|
CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): A picture–word version of the Stroop task was used to test the automatic activation of psychological distance by words carrying various senses of psychological distance: temporal (tomorrow, in a year), social (friend, enemy), and hypotheticality (sure, maybe). The pictures implied depth, with the words appearing. Previous studies have examined the reliability of scores derived from various Stroop tasks. However, few studies have compared reliability of more recently developed Stroop variants such as emotional Stroop tasks to standard versions of the Stroop. The current study developed four different single-stimulus Stroop tasks and compared test-retest by:
[Correction Notice: An erratum for this article was reported in Vol (3) of Psychological Review (see record ). This article contained a misspelling in the last name of the second author in the below reference. The complete correct reference is below. The online version has been corrected.] People are capable of thinking about the future, the past, remote locations, another Cited by: Conference Program. Below is an interactive version of the conference program. An investigation of task reliability across modalities Individual differences in language knowledge and the syntactic processing P ERP.
Recently, doubts were raised about the existence of the bilingual advantage in cognitive control. The aim of the present review was to investigate the bilingual advantage and its modulating factors. We searched the Medline, ScienceDirect, Scopus, and ERIC databases for all original data and reviewed studies on bilingualism and cognitive control, with a cut-off date of 31 October , thereby Cited by: More specifically, while some paradigms such as Stroop have been used to investigate lexical selection at the individual word level, there is a notorious absence of work investigating how lexical selection occurs in units greater than a single word (with the exception of studies investigating selection of the determiner given a noun, e.g., [9 Author: Manuel F. Pulido, Paola E. Dussias.
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The picture-word interference (PWI) paradigm and the Stroop color-word interference task are often assumed to reflect the same underlying processes. On the basis of a PRP study, Dell’Acqua et al. (Psychonomic Bulletin & Review,) argued that this assumption is incorrect.
In this article, we first discuss the definitions of Stroop- and picture-word by: 7. Through the years, the idea that the picture-word interference (PWI) effect and the Stroop effect are two manifestations of the same process has been widely accepted.
For instance, MacLeod’s influential review on the Stroop effect (MacLeod, ) also discusses picture-word interference, and even lists the picture-word task in his listCited by: 2. The basic Stroop paradigm is one of the most widely used in experimental psychology and neuroscience to investigate goal-directed selective attention, inhibitory processing, and conflict resolution (and adaptation), along with other aspects of cognitive control.
The most common experimental variant of the Stroop task is the COLOR-WORD, in which. Posted 12/31/ A relatively small number of studies of the Stroop task has examined individual differences in age, sex, hemispheric processing, and language. Gender differences in the Stroop Colour-Word task: a meta-analysis task (e.g.
e xclude picture-word or e motional. The book is a collection of normative data for commonly administered. For example, sorting and matching versions of the colour word task, the picture-word interference task, and the stroop colour-word test.6 The aim of this experiment is to prove Stroops theory, and to investigate how interference affects participants’ ability in both conditions.
The literature on interference in the Stroop Color and Word Test, covering over 50 yrs and some studies, is organized and reviewed. In so doing, a set of 18 reliable empirical findings is isolated that must be captured by any successful theory of the Stroop effect.
Existing theoretical positions are summarized and evaluated in view of this critical evidence and the 2 major candidate Cited by: Gender on the Stroop task • Gender differences have never been systematically investigated, although papers do exist that have explicitly tested the hypothesis.
• First mention of gender differences in the original Stroop paper: –No significant gender effects were observed. –However, 9 effect sizes were possible to calculate: • File Size: KB.
The four Stroop tasks included two standard Stroop tasks (color-word and picture-word) as well as two emotional Stroop tasks (color-word and picture-word).
The four Stroop tasks were administered on two occasions, separated by 1 week, to 28 undergraduate students. Test-retest reliability coefficients were high for standard and emotional Stroop Cited by: In this review we only took into consideration the parts of the ERP studies based on the standard Stroop test, that is, the word-color conflict; and omitted the results related to the variations on this test, such as reverse Stroop effect (i.e., reading the word instead of its color), picture-word conflict [e.g., 9], emotional Stroop tasks [e.g Cited by: 3.
We used fMRI to investigate developmental changes in brain activation during a Stroop color-word interference task. A positive correlation was observed between age and Stroop-related activation (n = 30) in the left lateral prefrontal cortex, the left anterior cingulate, and the left parietal and parieto-occipital regions showed a negative correlation between activation and by: Thomas Miroslav Spalek has written: 'Investigating the individual differences observed in the picture-word Stroop task' Asked in Authors, Poets, and Playwrights What has the author Miroslav Toholj.
A meta-analysis of the sensitivity and specificity of the Stroop Color and Word Test with children. or colorblindness. The final task is the Color–Word task on which the individual is shown the names of colors printed in conflicting ink colors (e.g., the word “blue” in red ink) and is asked to name the color of the ink rather than the Cited by: Glaser and Glaser () assume that the processing of colors and pictures is highly similar in that, compared to words, both kinds of stimulis have privileged access to semantic information.
This assumption was tested in the present research. In Experiment 1, the season corresponding to the color or to the word of color-word Stroop stimuli had to be named (e.g., green for spring).Cited by: 8. Empirical results that constrain models of the Stroop effect Description of the Effect Representative Citation(s) The basic effect: The basic effect is robust to methodological variations, including list versus single-trial presentation, and task variants, such as the picture-word task.
(1). picture–word interference task). A major goal of the pres ent article was to examine what mechanism is responsible for the effect of response set membership. In particular, we wanted to assess the relative merits of the attention al location and inhibition accounts of this membership effect by using a modified Stroop task that includes cuing.
In psychology, the Stroop effect is a demonstration of cognitive interference where a delay in the reaction time of a task occurs due to a mismatch in stimuli. The effect has been used to create a psychological test (the Stroop test) that is widely used in clinical practice and investigation.
A basic task that demonstrates this effect occurs when there is a mismatch between the name of a. Stroop tests are commonly used. The Stroop Test, more commonly known for its effects, or the Stroop effect, is the measure of cognitive interference through the reaction time of a task.
The most common Stroop test uses the name of a color printed in a color not denoted by the : Stacia Fritz. Stroop and picture–word interference are two sides of the same coin leender T va n Maanen, hedderik va n rijn, and jel M er P.
Bo r s T the recently observed differences between Stroop and PWI with the general view that PWI is an instance of the Stroop effect. In. A picture word version of the Stroop task was used to test the automatic activation of psychological distance by words carrying various senses of psychological distance: temporal (tomorrow, in a year), social (friend, enemy), and hypotheticality (sure, maybe).
The pictures implied depth, with the words. This study investigated the effect of bilingualism on children's performance on two tasks of inhibition. English monolinguals (n =21) and successive Chinese-English bilinguals (n =21) in Grade 2 (ages ) completed the Simon task and a picture-word Stroop task.
Both tasks required the inhibition of perceptual attributes of the stimuli; certain conditions of the picture-word Stroop task also.The Lexical Stroop Sort (LSS) task is a computerized EF task created for the purpose of examining the relationship between school-aged children's oral language development and EF.
To validate this new measure, a diverse sample of school-aged children completed standardized oral language assessments, the LSS task, and the widely used Dimensional.
On the Stroop (incongruent > congruent) contrast, significant activation was observed across both groups in regions classically associated with the Stroop task, including a midline section Cited by: 1.